“Kazakhstan should revive its historical role and become a major business transit hub of Central Asian region, a bridge between Europe and Asia ... It means the creation of a single complex hub of the international level - a trade and logistics, financial, business, and innovation and technological and travel one - in key transport corridors of Kazakhstan”. ”The amount of transit cargo flow through Kazakhstan should double with further growth up to 50 million tonnes in the results of this mega project implementation by 2020”
In order to implement the orders of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan “Comprehensive action plan to implement the project “New Silk Road” was approved by the order of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan in January 2013”.”
Initiatives of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev to create social information and communication platform G-Global and set up Astana Economic Forum have strategic importance to unite the initiatives of the Supreme leader into a single Mega-project. Within the scope of the global project, the revival of the “New Silk Road” is a very practical tool to integrate various countries of Europe and Asia, where Kazakhstan is not only interested in the development of the transport and logistics infrastructure, but, what’s more important, in the creation of an opportunity for countries of Europe and Asia to ensure efficient commerce and exchange through the “New Silk Road”
History of the Great Silk Road starts in 138 when an embassy caravan left the capital Han accompanied by the prince Zhang-Jiang sent by Emperor U-di to unknown lands of the West. The prince returned home in 13 years. He reached Afghanistan and was the first to make a direct route from China through Central Asia in his journey. Later, following his way to the West, caravans with silk were sent, and goods from the Mediterranean, the Middle East and Central Asia were brought to China.
The Great Silk Road as a trade route was not something frozen and permanent. During centuries different parts of the route became important. Some die out making cities and centers nearby decline. The choice of a route primarily depended on the political and economic balance of power on Eurasian continent.
When Kazakhstan (its Southern part) was entering the Silk Road, distinctive culture had been developing on its territory since ancient times. Nomadic and settled tribes that were sufficiently homogeneous or were merged into the same type of ethno-political entities participated in the formation of this culture. Interaction and mutual enrichment of cultures both settled and nomadic were the main line of the world's progress. Many achievements of civilizations created by the peoples of Kazakhstan and Central Asia are in the depths of this synthesis.
At the end of VI century, there was a revival of the Silk Road area, which played an important role in the development of urban culture of Semirechye and South Kazakhstan. It contributed to the emergence of urban centres in Semirechye and in the south of Kazakhstan it facilitated a rapid growth of those cities that were either on the road or were connected with its trade branches.
The Silk Road through Central Asia, South Kazakhstan and Semirechye functioned until XIV century. Primarily, it was silk that was carried along the Silk Road. Alongside with gold it turned out to be an international currency. It was presented as a gift to kings and ambassadors. It also was given as a salary to mercenary troops and served as a payment of government debt.
In turn, the goods produced in Rome, Byzantium, India, Iran, Arab Caliphate and later from Europe and Russia were carried. Famous houses from Farghona, Arab and Nyssa horses, camels, elephants and other things were carried along the Silk Road.
Religious ideas were spread along either. Various missionaries brought their faith to overseas countries. Buddhism came from India through Central Asia and East Turkestan, Christianity came from Syria, Iran and Arabia and later it was Islam.
Not only was the greatness of the Silk Road in the tremendous exchange of goods between different countries, but in mutual enrichment and interaction of dissimilar cultures and civilizations.
The Silk Road is a system of ancient trade caravan roads leading from China to the Middle East and Europe. It is one of the greatest achievements in the history of world civilization.
At present, Kazakhstan has all the conditions to attract the inflow of foreign and domestic investment in the development of the transport and logistics and tourist industry, trade relationships. In addition, support and participation of potential investors in implementation of an effective and large-scale project “New Silk Road” will accelerate the process of creating a competitive domestic economy.
To implement the initiative of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, in 12January 2012, an intellectual network was launched by the Association “Eurasian Economic Club of Scientists” on the website www.group-global.org in the form of a communicative internet-platform G-Global.
G-Global is a versatile platform that creates conditions for the international expert community to hold interactive, open and public discussions, debates about the global economy. The project aims to discuss and develop mechanisms to overcome the global financial crisis and it aims to expand the number of participants searching anti-crisis measures dramatically.
The Union of Kazakhstan transport workers «KAZLOGISTICS» is a public coordinator of transport logistics development, global transit potential in Kazakhstan and it implements one of the strategic projects "Kazakhstan - New Silk Road”. With the purpose of active promotion, extensive popularization and international expert discussion of the “New Silk Road” the Memorandum of understanding and cooperation, as well as the Action Plan have been signed between the Union of Kazakhstan transport workers «KAZLOGISTICS» and the Association “Eurasian Economic Club of Scientists” to implement the project “New Silk Road” The Association “Eurasian Economic Club of Scientists” is the main coordinator of the project G-Global and an annual Astana Economic Forum.
|Schedule of measures for the Silk Road|